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Inorganic Acids and Salts

Inorganic acids, also called mineral acids, are acids derived from one or more inorganic compounds. These inorganic acids are either oxygenless or oxoacids. With reference to the number of hydrogen atoms they are either mono-, di-, or tribasic. Examples for oxygenless acids are: hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, which are monobasic, and hydrogen sulfide, which is dibasic. Oxygen containing acids include, nitric acid (monobasic), sulfuric acid (dibasic), and orthophosphoric acid (tribasic).

The inorganic acids, especially sulfuric acid, nitric acid, and hydrochloric acid, are manufactured for commercial use in large plants in large quantities. They are used in many sectors of the chemical industry as feed-stocks for the synthesis of a large variety of other chemicals, both organic and inorganic.


Life Science

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